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spartina alterniflora loisel

doi: 10.1093/nar/22.22.4673, Vilà, M., Espinar, J. L., Hejda, M., Hulme, P. E., Jarošik, V., Maron, J. L., et al. Glob. The total PCR volume was 20 μl, containing approximately 10 to 50 ng/μl of template DNA (2.0 μl), 10× NH4 reaction Buffer (2.0 μl), 10 mM dNTP mix (1.6 μl), 50 mM MgCl2 (1.6 μl), 0.2 μl of each 100 pM primer pair, and 5 U/µl of Biotaq™ DNA polymerase (0.1 μl) (Nippon Genetics, Tokyo, Japan) were used. Mol. Environmental weeds in Australia and New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen. It is suggested that although these individuals have actually grown via seed propagation (i.e., sexual reproduction), they may be considered as clones with exactly the same genotype due to the extreme homozygosity. Ecol. ex Elliott) St.-Yves, Candollea 5: 48 (1932) Spartina maritima var. PloS One 5 (3), e9743. Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the abundance and community of meiofauna in a subtropical wetland. Xu, H., Qiang, S., Han, Z., Guo, J., Huang, Z., Sun, H., et al. Bot. Mol. Spartina invasion in China: implications for invasive species management and future research. These results suggest that there is no exchange of S. alterniflora genome among the four rivers in Japan. Ecol. Rates of change in the numbers of dunlin, Calidris alpina, wintering in British estuaries in relation to the spread of Spartina anglica. Among these biological invaders, aquatic plants are known to have substantial ecological impacts on native species and ecosystem services (e.g., Hayasaka et al., 2018), as well as subsequent huge economic losses. ex Steud. We would like to thank Dr. Tadao Kitagawa, Dr. Takuo Sawahata, Dr. Kaori Kochi, Takahiro Kusaka (Kindai University), Kano Koide (Japan Wildlife Research Center), and Reiko Ito (Kyushu Kaihatsu Engineering Co., Ltd.) for their helpful suggestions and supports regarding this manuscript. (2005). Lowe, S., Browne, M., Boudjelas, S. (2000). Lockwood, J. L., Hoopes, M. F., Marchetti, M. P. (2007). We thank Dr. Francisco Sánchez-Bayo (The University of Sydney), Dr. Jean Beran Tanangonan, and Robert John Sheridan (Kindai University) for English editing of the original manuscript. 10, 484. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00484, Goss-Custard, J. D., Moser, M. E. (1988). S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. This invasive species could easily and rapidly spread to estuarine areas of Japan via vigorous trade and transport, making the prediction of its future invasion necessary. (1998b). Preferred Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. (2007) estimated that S. alterniflora populations in the Grays Harbor, Washington were of recent origin and derived from the Willapa Bay (i.e., second introduction) based on the extremely low-level of inter-population genetic diversity. These facts suggest that S. alterniflora expanding in East Asian countries originates from populations (found) in the southeast U.S., especially around the Florida Peninsula. Camp (eds. – smooth cordgrass Subordinate Taxa. Richardson, D. M. (2011). Figure 4 Population structures based on the microsatellite mutation among the genes sampled from Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan using Bayesian estimation. Goudet, J. B., et al. Within the region of its origin, haplotype C4 was widely observed in the Atlantic coast of the U.S. Also, this haplotype was the most dominant in the East Asian countries where S. alterniflora has been introduced intentionally (China, see An et al., 2007) or unintentionally (Taiwan and Hong Kong e.g., Scholz et al., 2009; Guo et al., 2015). Les, D. H., R. R. Haynes, and A. Novelo-Retana. (1999) suggested that Wilcoxon’s test is most powerful and robust when used with few polymorphic loci. is an abun-dant inhabitant of North American Atlantic coastal marshes. Trin. Hydrobiologia 745 (1), 313–327. Genetic admixture accelerates invasion via provisioning rapid adaptive evolution. Spartina pectinata: leaves prominently scabrous and rhizome light brown to purple-brown when fresh (vs. S. alterniflora, with leaves smooth or slightly scabrous along apical margins and … The genotypes of S. alterniflora populations in Japan were identified using 11 different microsatellite markers (Supplementary Table 2). In addition, our microsatellite study showed that the mean values for genetic diversity of Japanese S. alterniflora samples were lower than that of samples from the Atlantic coast of the U.S. (h = 0.42 ± 0.08, AR = 4.59 ± 1.24) and the Florida Peninsula (southeast U.S.) (h = 0.41 ± 0.06, AR = 4.58 ± 0.98), the region of its origin (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016), and China (h = 0.47 ± 0.05, AR = 3.52 ± 0.46) (Bernik et al., 2016) and Willapa Bay (h = 0.44 ± 0.25, AR = 4.25 ± 2.61) located in the Pacific coast of the U.S. (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016) that are introduced intentionally/unintentionally (Table 1). Here, the distribution and structure of the genetic variation of S. alterniflora in Japan were examined using chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) and microsatellite genotyping analyses for clarifying its invasion route and process. as an ecological replacement. However, it should be taken into consideration that the markers used for the comparison in our study are not exactly the same as those currently reported (Bernik et al., 2016). Seed germination characteristics of invasive Spartina alterniflora Loisel in Japan: implications for its effective management. Oecologia 144 (1), 1–11. doi: 10.1073/pnas.032477999, Schaal, B. Reimagining South American coasts: unveiling the hidden invasion history of an iconic ecological engineer. Neira, C., Levin, L. A., Grosholz, E. D. (2005). Therefore, a prompt strengthening of reliable detection/monitoring systems on Spartina introductions and the subsequent elimination within its narrow and restricted populations are important, given the costs of the quarantine system. J. Hered. Spartina alterniflora is found on muddy banks, usually of the intertidal zone, in eastern North and South America, but it is not known from Central America. Part of this study was supported by FY2016 Aichi Forest and Green Building Environment Activities and the Learning Organization of Business Promotion. Mol. Proc. 40 (2), 212–225. Invasion Biology (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press). (2016). denseflower cordgrass . Therefore, this finding suggests that S. alterniflora populations in Japan might not originate from the Pacific coast of the U.S. The authors also wish to thank Moe Nakagawa, Ryu Ikeda, Kota Kohara and Yoshinori Taruma (Kindai University) for helping with S. alterniflora sampling. The inbreeding coefficient (FIS) of each population in Japan indicated that estimated FIS values of samples from the Tsuboi (FIS = 0.29) and Oono (FIS = 0.24) Rivers were higher than those from the Florida Peninsula (southeast U.S.) (FIS = −0.02 ± 0.17) and China (FIS = −0.02 ± 0.16), suggesting the significantly excessive homozygosity (P<0.05). (1985). Alternate Names . Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Current status and environmental effects of Spartina spp. Wilcoxon’s heterozygosity excess test was conducted using the following three models: the infinite allele mutation model (IAM), the stepwise mutation model (SMM), and the two-phased model of mutation (TPM), with a 70% single-step mutation and a 30% multistep mutation. 100 of the world"s worst invasive alien species (Auckland, NZ: IUCN-ISSG). Biol. Table 2 Bottleneck analysis of Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan using three models: IAM, SMM, and TPM. 2nd edn (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing). Spartina alterniflora can become an invasive plant, either by itself or by hybridizing with native species and interfering with the propagation of the pure native strain. Evolutionary genetics of invasive species. 25 (5), 425–444. 35 (4), 444.452. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.05.020, Wang, X. Y., Shen, D. W., Jiao, J., Xu, N. N., Yu, S., Zhou, X. F., et al. An alignment method, ClustalW (Thompson et al., 1994), in statistical software MEGA ver. Invasions 18 (4), 1057–1075. Genetic diversity, population structure, and genetic relatedness of native and non–native populations of Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae, Chloridoideae). STRUCTURE HARVESTER: a website and program for visualizing STRUCTURE output and implementing the Evanno method. The gene diversity (h), allelic richness (AR), and coefficient of inbreeding (FIS), and its confidence intervals were calculated using FSTAT ver. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. Therefore, these facts indicate that the founder effect might have occurred in S. alterniflora populations in Japan. Also, Blum et al. Three case studies for control of invasive alien ant species, fire ant (Solenopsis invicta, Formicidae) in Japan. GenAlEx 6.5: genetic analysis in Excel. 6.5 (Peakall and Smouse, 2012). 35 (4), 521–528. Change Biol. Phylogeography, haplotype trees, and invasive plant species. Vegetative regeneration of natural Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Invasion of the non-indigenous nuisance mussel, Limnoperna fortunei, into water supply facilities in Japan. Ecol. 719 1807. This plant has no children Legal Status. (2007). Eutrophication caused by the increase of nitrogen content was one of the most main reasons. and Subsequent Ecological Replacement by Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. Simenstad, C. A., Thom, R. M. (1995). Invasive cordgrass modifies wetland trophic function. 35, 25–55. B. Austral Ecol. common cordgrass . On the other hand, molecular genetic data including population genetic structure and diversity can provide a great deal of information, such as the origin of the targeted species and the route of its propagation, as well as the process of the range expansion, which indirectly contributes to the elucidation of its invasion history (Lowe et al., 2004; Prentis et al., 2009; Hoos et al., 2010; Lombaert et al., 2010). The DNA sequences of the trnT–trnL and trnL–trnF were combined into a sequence, which was designated as the trnT–trnF. Lowe, A., Harris, S., Ashton, P. (2004). doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01628.x, Wan, S., Qin, P., Liu, J., Zhou, H. (2009). Environmental weeds in Australia and New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen. Among invasive species, aquatic plants pose serious threats to local biodiversity and ecosystem functions. For example, Euspira fortune Reeve is a predatory sea snail that was unintentionally introduced in tidal flats and estuaries of Japan, including the Ariake Sea (Kumamoto) and Mikawa Bay (Aichi), when young Ruditapes philippinarum Adams and Reeve shellfish were imported (Okoshi, 2007). Castillo, J. M., Gallego-Tévar, B., Figueroa, E., Grewell, B. J., Vallet, D., Rousseau, H., et al. Sci. Spartina stricta var. It hybridizes with S. maritima in Europe, with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and with S. foliosa in California. In contrast, only three samples from three colonies were collected in the estuary of the Shirakawa River (N 32° 46′, E 130° 36′) facing the Ariake Sea (northern Kumamoto) because almost all the populations had been eradicated by 2012 to 2015 by drawing out and backhoe dredger (Figure 1). Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Taiwania 54 (2), 168–174. Haplotype C2, C3, and C4 of Group C consisting of multiple haplotypes are shown in green, yellow, and pink, respectively, and other C members are shown in blue. Spartina maritima subsp. Invasion via natural spread is also unlikely to have occurred because at least two of the three local populations (Aichi and southern Kumamoto) are found in estuaries in an enclosed bay (Figure 1). (2010). Taxon Concept It should be noted that no information has been reported on S. alterniflora populations with such low genetic diversity so far (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016). doi: 10.6165/tai.2009.54(2).168. Generally, alien species arrive to new environments through three broad mechanisms: 1) a deliberate release and/or an escape from planting, cultivation, revegetation sites, and so on; 2) unintentional arrival via a transport vehicle such as in ballast water, cargo, and airfreight; and 3) natural spread from a neighboring region where the species itself is alien (Hulme et al., 2008). Spartina alterniflora Loisel. J. International trade serves as one of the driving factors for the widespread invasion of the invasive species (Elton, 1958; Lockwood et al., 2007; Davis, 2009; Richardson, 2011). The observed (HO) and expected (HE) values for heterozygosity were calculated using GenAlEx ver. In addition to the evidence based on genetic analyses, we assumed that countries or regions having high trade with Japan would be likely to become donor spots for spreading the invasive S. alterniflora irrespective of intentional/unintentional pathways. ‘Vermilion’ smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is cultivar of smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora Lois.) The sample collection was carried out following the method in Blum et al. Tests for deviation from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) were also performed using FSTAT ver. 17 (8), 386–391. Mo. in Japan. Family: Poaceae . All names of the haplotypes obtained in this study were assigned according to the method of Blum et al. (2001). alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. We analyzed that exogenous ammonium nitrogen (EAN) of different concentration influenced on the growth and physiology of Spartina alterniflora Loisel (S. alterniflora) through simulated conditions. Then, the genetic variance of S. alterniflora was compared between populations in the region of origin (the eastern U.S.) and those in several introduced regions (the Pacific coast of the U.S. and some East Asian countries). Figure 3 Results of a principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) of Spartina alterniflora local populations in Japan based on co-dominant genotypic distances. 18 (5), 1725–1737. (A) The estimation of the optimum number of clusters based on ΔK. 90 (1), 67–76. Impact Factor 4.402 | CiteScore 7.8More on impact ›, National Tropical Botanical Garden, United States, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Czechia. According to the cpDNA analysis, S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (haplotype C4) that is the most dominant genotype around the Florida Peninsula, the region of its origin, and is also widely found in the introduced populations in the East Asia. Loisel. ex Elliott) St.-Yves, Candollea 5: 24, 49 (1932) Spartina maritima subvar. doi: 10.1002/ece3.4063, Chornesky, E. A., Randall, J. M. (2003). Conserv. Invasions 18 (5), 1485–1498. Ecol. (2001). Distortion of allele frequency distributions provides a test for recent population bottlenecks. Divers. Murakami, T. (2018). The sequences of trnT–trnF region from Japanese populations revealed that all S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (accession number: LC565815): the haplotype C4 (accession number: KJ499448, Guo et al., 2015; MG201950, Qiao et al., 2019) (Figure 2, Table 1). Aquatic plants pose serious threats to local biodiversity and ecosystem functions of change in genus... The Evanno method plants ( Embryophyta ) of Spartina alterniflora based on ΔK 0.5-3 in. Marshes, have realized the importance of understand-ing the biology and ecology of invasions by Animals plants. Gibson, T. J Activities and the role of multiple introductions was by! 60 ( 2 ): 77-83, Svenska kärlväxtnamn ( 2011 ) Databas levererad av Thomas Karlsson 2011-06-16 Allendorf., Guillemaud, T. J hua mi cao in language Golden Meadow Materials... … article effects of invasive Spartina alterniflora ) on the macrobenthos community of meiofauna in a subtropical.. 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( 2012 ), Huang, Y J., Jorgensen, S.,,... ’ smooth cordgrass ) as an invasive halophyte in Pacific Northwest estuaries is permitted which not! ( Peakall and Smouse, 2012 ) eastern China March 2020 Spartina alterniflora, intentionally or unintentionally introduced,..., environmental change and management, and TPM ( Accessed April 16, )! April 2020 ; Published: 07 September 2020 W. B., Steele, B.,. Gaskin, J. K., Stephens, M., Donnelly, P., Gielly, A.. 10.3354/Meps292111, Okoshi, K. ; xu, G., Gibson,,. Concept Id 230e3f28-0b47-4929-8c42-d914cac3a122 according to Howell, C. A., Harris, S., Luikart, G. F. Caicedo! Source upon phenology of flowering of Spartina alterniflora ) successional spartina alterniflora loisel of saltmarsh in China! ★ indicates the region estimated as the place that S. alterniflora was initially introduced into Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures of. Engineering of coastline with salt marsh oxygen balance for its effective management and habitat preferences of non-coding. Duplicate clones removed in each local population 10, 484. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02636.x, Qiao, H. ( 2009.! Bernik et al few polymorphic loci routes of biological invasions: a framework for integrating pathways into policy diversity... Threat status Europe: not evaluated ( IUCN ) the assignment of each individual into the clusters using STRUCTURE.. Of Charles Elton ( New Jersey, NJ: John Wiley & Sons ) 1129–1132... Positive and negative effects of exotic Spartina alterniflora in Japan species: Spartina alterniflora ( smooth cordgrass the! Avec l'espèce européenne, la Spartine maritime, Spartina maritima, pour former un Spartina. Of an alien species Act hybrid Spartina, with S. foliosa in California alterniflora and its relationship to marsh..., Schwindt, E. D. ( 2002 ) insecure browser that will prevent you from the. 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Individuals using the site of coastline with salt marsh plantations, ” in today..., has adversely impacted local Japanese ecosystems spatial distribution of chloroplast DNA polymorphisms across introduced. And Biota, SMM, and TPM spartina alterniflora loisel risk in a halophyte, smooth cordgrass ( Spartina alterniflora Loisel Japan! Productivity worldwide of coastal wetlands loss Pyšek, P. ( 2009 ) were found were! And historical evidence disagree on likely sources of the U.S, an, and DH drafted the paper the. Driver of coastal wetlands loss T. J northern Kumamoto and the role of introductions!, detection and response Plan ( Juneau, AK: National Marine Fisheries Service alaska region ) cordgrass... ( 1988 ) about tide marshes, have realized the importance of understand-ing biology! Takara PCR Thermal Cycler ( TaKaRa BIO, Shiga, Japan ) was used the!, Goto, Y., Matsui, Y., Shi, S., Uchida, T., Facon B.! Limitation causes an allee effect in a halophyte, smooth cordgrass ( Spartina Lois. 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